Washington, DC – June 9, 2016 -The microbial mix found in grape juice during the winemaking process may help shape the terroir of a finished wine, report food scientists at the University of California, Davis.
uBiome, the leading microbial genomics company, will double the number of academic researchers it will support after two projects tied for first place in a public vote to decide between six short-listed finalists.
Gut microbiome in rodents makes the small molecule, which promotes fat storage and increased appetite, study shows Eating a high-fat diet certainly puts people at risk for obesity, but diet is not the only driver of corpulence. In recent years, scientists have also shown that the gut microbiome is also a culprit in weight gain.
Halfway through my conversation with Jason Tetro, an expert in health-related microbiology, I wonder: if most germs are as innocuous as he explains them to be in his new book, The Germ Files, why are we all carrying around tiny squeeze bottles of hand sanitizer?
Increasing evidence suggests that our gut microbiome is able to regulate brain processes and trigger neurological disorders, such as multiple sclerosis (MS). Scientists from around the world discussed these themes at the recent Congress of the European Academy of Neurology in Copenhagen, Denmark.
Pieter Dorrestein uses mass spectrometry to eavesdrop on the molecular conversations between microbes and their world.
In the early 2000s, JCVI researchers pioneered in the exploration of the human microbiome, the community of microbes that live in and on the human body.
Intestinal bacteria that can boost bravery or trigger multiple sclerosis: An increasing body of research results confirms the importance of the “gut-brain axis” for neurology and indicates that the triggers for a number of neurological diseases may be located in the digestive tract.
Christina Warinner often spends the better part of her day rubbing toothbrushes and dental scrapers against filthy jaws. But she is not a dental hygienist. A molecular anthropologist at the University of Oklahoma, Warinner chips away at ancient teeth to collect dental calculus, the thick chalky layer that hygienists scour away. Read more at: PNAS
There is a report out from the American Academy of Microbiology that is based on the “Microbiology of the Built Environment” colloquium they hosted in September 2015.
What are microbiomes and how many do you have in your body? Read the comic or watch the video here: PHD Comics.
The “microbiome” is a bustling city of diverse and dynamic bacteria, and its potential for helping patients has scientists and researchers excited for the future.
The volume of published studies employing axenic or germ-free mice increased dramatically over the past 15 years, in part due to growing interest in microbiome research.
Let’s start with a definition: what is the microbiome? Simply put, the microbiome is the collection of microbes (mostly bacteria) that live in and on your body.
Many microorganisms are “unculturable,” or at least not able to grow in known media. Now, a new tool enables researchers to predict what nutrients organisms need to thrive in the lab, eliminating most of the guesswork involved in setting up new cultures.
At a workshop held at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) last September on the role of human microbiota in infectious disease, I was disheartened not to hear a single talk on the fungal community—the mycobiome.
Microbial communities in the aging gut
In a novel study demonstrating the influence of the immune system on gut bacteria evolution, scientists from the Insitito Gulbenkian de Ciencia (IGC) in Portugal have made a solid case for the use of personalized medicine for immunocompromised patients with intestinal problems.
This is a key role in the Portfolio Innovation and Development area and is responsible for promoting and developing the Microbiome Portfolio initiative. The Project Leader will drive the commercialization of the portfolio.
Watch the videos from the recent scientific symposium “Microbiome & Mice 2016: Advancing Microbiome Research”.
Abstract Transplantation is the only cure for end-stage organ failure, but without immunosuppression, T cells rapidly reject allografts. While genetic disparities between donor and recipient are major determinants of the kinetics of transplant rejection, little is known about the contribution of environmental factors.
Abstract Background. The elderly host is highly susceptible to severe disease and treatment failure in Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). We investigated how treatment with vancomycin in the aged host influences systemic and intestinal humoral responses and select intestinal microbiota.
Abstract Remarkable technological advances have revealed ever more properties and behaviours of individual microorganisms, but the novel data generated by these techniques have not yet been fully exploited.
Abstract Highlights Maternal high-fat diet (MHFD) induces behavioral alterations in offspring MHFD causes alterations in gut microbial ecology in offspring
Abstract Highlights RNA-SIP allows for a labelling-based detection of process-relevant microbes independent of cellular replication or growth. Recent RNA-SIP based advances in our understanding of carbon flow in complex natural microbiota, of organismic interactions and in environmental biotechnology are summarized. The combination of RNA-SIP and next-generation sequencing is a promising strategy for targeted environmental transcriptomics.
Abstract The transient disruption of gut microbiota in infancy by antibiotics causes adult adiposity in mice. Accelerated postnatal growth (A) leads to a higher risk of adult metabolic syndrome in low birth-weight (LB) humans than in normal birth-weight (NB) individuals, but the underlying mechanism remains unclear.