Rensselaer, NY — April 15, 2019 – Taconic Biosciences, a global leader in providing genetically engineered rodent model solutions, announces the launch of TruBIOME™, a first of its kind solution enabling the generation and maintenance of mice with custom microbiome profiles. TruBIOME™ was developed to meet the research community’s need for a microbiome solution that […]
The 5th Annual Arrowhead Translational Microbiome Conference (April 16-18 | Boston) recently announced a bonus track for their upcoming annual event, which is taking place in Boston on April 16-18. For additional details visit https://www.microbiomeconference.com/. NEW PRESENTATIONS: Ultra-high Resolution Microbiome Taxonomic Profiling Enabled by Novel High-throughput, High-resolution Assay Design Mark Driscoll, Ph.D., Co-Founder and Chief […]
For the past several years, science has been plagued by what some consider a reproducibility crisis—the idea that many published studies don’t yield the same results when repeated by other scientists, or sometimes even by the same scientists. Surveys and studies have suggested myriad reasons such as unreliable reagents and cell lines, selective statistics, a […]
NORTH BETHESDA, Md., April 3, 2019 /PRNewswire/ — The Foundation for the National Institutes of Health, Inc. (FNIH) is delighted to name Yasmine Belkaid, Ph.D., the winner of the 2019 Lurie Prize in Biomedical Sciences for blazing a trail in understanding the microbiome’s significant role in immune regulation. The human body houses trillions of microscopic […]
RENSSELAER, N.Y., April 01, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Taconic Biosciences, a global leader in providing genetically engineered rodent model solutions, announces it has obtained a license to the Wild Mouse gut microbiome from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Investigators at the […]
New research is regularly being published on the connection between the gut microbiome and the central nervous system (CNS) — together known as the gut-brain axis. Alterations in the composition of intestinal microbiota have also been associated with antibiotic use and the progression of infectious diseases. This Taconic Insight highlights the link between the microbiome […]
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the primary federal government agency for biomedical research in the USA. NIH provides extensive support for human microbiome research with 21 of 27 NIH Institutes and Centers (ICs) currently funding this area through their extramural research programs. This analysis of the NIH extramural portfolio in human microbiome research […]
The microbiome has an impact on every organ in the body. It is associated with every chronic disease that affects humans. For the past few years, research has focused on cataloguing what microbes are present on and in our bodies, and connecting those microbes to specific diseases. The next step is to find out how […]
Arrowhead Publishers has announced the return of their Nutrition track, sponsored by Reckitt Benckiser, to the 5th Annual Translational Microbiome Conference. This year’s nutrition track will have two complementary goals: to address the challenges faced by industry when undergoing clinical development for a microbiome-based intervention and current advances in the research, production and use of […]
ABSTRACT Accumulating evidence demonstrates that the gut microbiota affects brain function and behavior, including depressive behavior. Antidepressants are the main drugs used for treatment of depression. We hypothesized that antidepressant treatment could modify gut microbiota which can partially mediate their antidepressant effects. Mice were chronically treated with one of five antidepressants (fluoxetine, escitalopram, venlafaxine, duloxetine […]
ABSTRACT Early life stress is known to impair intestinal barrier through induction of intestinal hyperpermeability, low-grade inflammation and microbiota dysbiosis in young adult rodents. Interestingly, those features are also observed in metabolic disorders (obesity and type 2 diabetes) that appear with ageing. Based on the concept of Developmental Origins of Health and Diseases, our study […]
ABSTRACT Men who have sex with men (MSM) have differences in immune activation and gut microbiome composition compared with men who have sex with women (MSW), even in the absence of HIV infection. Gut microbiome differences associated with HIV itself when controlling for MSM, as assessed by 16S rRNA sequencing, are relatively subtle. Understanding whether […]
ABSTRACT Microbe-host interactions are generally homeostatic, but when dysfunctional, they can incite food sensitivities and chronic diseases. Celiac disease (CeD) is a food sensitivity characterized by a breakdown of oral tolerance to gluten proteins in genetically predisposed individuals, although the underlying mechanisms are incompletely understood. Here we show that duodenal biopsies from patients with active […]
SUMMARY Probiotics are living microorganisms that are increasingly used as gastrointestinal therapeutics by virtue of their innate or engineered genetic function. Unlike abiotic therapeutics, probiotics can replicate in their intended site, subjecting their genomes and therapeutic properties to natural selection. We exposed the candidate probiotic E. coli Nissle (EcN) to the mouse gastrointestinal tract over […]
ABSTRACT The gut microbiota critically confers various health benefits, whereas environmental chemicals can affect its constitution and functionality thereby increasing disease risk. In the present study, we aim to evaluate the toxic effects of a wildly-used herbicide 2,4-D (2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid) on the gut microbiome and host using an occupationally relevant dose. A mouse model was […]
ABSTRACT Gut microbiota plays a pivotal role in various aspects of host physiology, including metabolism, gastrointestinal (GI) motility and hormonal secretion. In the present study, we investigated the effect of antibiotic-associated dysbiosis on metabolism and GI motility in relation to colonic expression of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and G protein coupled receptor (GPR)43. Specific pathogen-free (SPF) […]
ABSTRACT The rat is an important model animal used frequently in biological researches exploring the correlations between gut microbiome and a wide array of diseases. In this study, we used an extended ancestral-state reconstruction algorithm to predict the functional capabilities of the rat gastrointestinal microbiome. Our results indicate an apparent tendency toward metabolic heterogeneity along […]
ABSTRACT Objective: The intestinal microbiota is acknowledged to be essential in brain development and behaviour. Their composition can be modulated by prebiotics such as short-chain galacto-oligosaccharides (scGOS) and long-chain fructo-oligosaccharide (lcFOS). Several studies reported potential health benefit of prebiotics on behaviour. As the prebiotic mixture of scGOS and lcFOS is included in infant formula, we […]
Significance Studies using experimental models have indicated that multiple sclerosis (MS)-like disease can be triggered in the gut following interactions of brain autoimmune T lymphocytes with local microbiota.
Gnotobiotics, edited by Trenton Schoeb and Kathryn Eaton, is invaluable to those developing or managing gnotobiotic facilities.
Brigham Young University: We all know that a poor diet is unhealthy, but a new BYU study finds that stress may just as harmful to our bodies as a really bad diet.
Abstract For more than three decades it has been recognized that small amounts of vector saliva can significantly alter the infectivity of vector-borne pathogens and subsequent in vivo dynamics.
Abstract Mouse models have enabled breakthroughs in our understanding of the immune system, but it has become increasingly popular to emphasize their shortcomings when translating observations to humans.
Highlights •Systematic analysis of longevity-promoting microbial genetic variations •Colanic acid as a pro-longevity natural compound effective in different species