The beneficial effects exerted by probiotics in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are well known, although their exact mechanisms have not been fully elucidated, and only few studies have focused on their impact on selected miRNAs and the gut microbiota composition. Therefore, our aim was to correlate the intestinal anti-inflammatory activity of the probiotic Saccharomyces boulardii in the dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) model of mouse colitis and the changes induced in miRNA expression and gut microbiota populations. Probiotic was given orally (5×10M9 CFU) to C57BL/6 mice for 26 days. After 2 weeks, the colitis was induced adding DSS to the drinking water. Mice were scored daily using a Disease Activity Index (DAI).
Read more at: Science Direct