Oral Antibiotic Treatment of Mice Exacerbates the Disease Severity of Multiple Flavivirus Infections

Posted by: | April 2, 2018 | Comments

Oral Abx Treatment Increases Susceptibility to Flavivirus Infection

ABSTRACT

Although the outcome of flavivirus infection can vary from asymptomatic to lethal, environmental factors modulating disease severity are poorly defined. Here, we observed increased susceptibility of mice to severe West Nile (WNV), Dengue, and Zika virus infections after treatment with oral antibiotics (Abx) that depleted the gut microbiota. Abx treatment impaired the development of optimal T cell responses, with decreased levels of WNV-specific CD8+ T cells associated with increased infection and immunopathology. Abx treatments that resulted in enhanced WNV susceptibility generated changes in the overall structure of the gut bacterial community and in the abundance of specific bacterial taxa.

Read more at: Cell Reports

Larissa B. Thackray, Scott A. Handley, Matthew J. Gorman, Subhajit Poddar, Prachi Bagadia, Carlos G. BriseƱo, Derek J. Theisen, Qing Tan, Barry L. Hykes Jr., Hueylie Lin, Tiffany M. Lucas, Chandni Desai, Jeffrey I. Gordon, Kenneth M. Murphy, Herbert W. Virgin, Michael S. Diamond. Cell Reports. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2018.03.001. 27 Mar 2018.





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