In the last few months, multiple bacterial species have been making headlines. This review will outline three types of bacteria and how specific strains may prevent or encourage the development of bacterial infections:
– Harmless strains of E. coli are part of the normal human microbiome in the gut and regularly produce vitamin K2, which is essential for synthesizing proteins involved in blood coagulation2,3. A study published in 2001 demonstrated that E. coli strains EM0 and JM105 placed in the gut of germ-free mice resulted in an increase in survival rates post-infection with Salmonella when compared to the control group4.
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