Bacteria Making Headlines in 2018

Posted by: | December 18, 2018 | Comments

Bacteria Making Headlines in 2018

In the last few months, multiple bacterial species have been making headlines. This review will outline three types of bacteria and how specific strains may prevent or encourage the development of bacterial infections:

  1. Escherichia coli (E. coli) is a gram-negative bacteria part of the Enterobacteriaceae family.
    • E. coli in the Microbiome
    • – Harmless strains of E. coli are part of the normal human microbiome in the gut and regularly produce vitamin K2, which is essential for synthesizing proteins involved in blood coagulation2,3. A study published in 2001 demonstrated that E. coli strains EM0 and JM105 placed in the gut of germ-free mice resulted in an increase in survival rates post-infection with Salmonella when compared to the control group4.

  2. Clostridium difficile (C. diff) is a species of Gram-positive, spore-forming bacterium that is most commonly associated with infections found in hospitals and nursing homes.
  3. Enterococcus faecium (E. faecium) is generally a non-pathogenic bacteria, but has been increasingly associated with hospital-acquired infections since 200712.

Read more at: Taconic Insights

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