Over the past decade, more than US$1.7 billion has been spent on human microbiome research. Major projects are under way in the United States, the European Union, China, Canada, Ireland, South Korea and Japan.
This investment has confirmed the importance of the microbiome to human health and development. It is now known, for instance, that newborns receive essential microorganisms from their mothers1. Moreover, the sugars in breast milk that infants cannot digest nourish babies’ developing microbiomes2, which in turn shape their immune systems3.
Read more at Nature