Ectopic colonization of oral bacteria in the intestine drives TH1 cell induction and inflammation

Posted by: | October 27, 2023 | Comments

Gut reasons to brush your teeth

Some gut conditions, such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), ulcerative colitis, and Crohn’s disease (CD), are associated with imbalances in the gut microbe community. The causes of these intractable diseases have been difficult to discern. Atarashi et al. took samples from the mouths of IBD and CD patients and inoculated the extracted bacteria into germ-free mice (see the Perspective by Cao). Some of the inoculated mice showed strong proliferation of T helper 1 cells associated with the establishment of oral Klebsiella species in the colon. Klebsiella can be resistant to multiple antibiotics and are able to replace normal colon microbes after antibiotic therapy. Now we know that they probably originate from the mouth and could potentially contribute to bowel disease.

Discover Here: Science

Koji Atarashi et al. Ectopic colonization of oral bacteria in the intestine drives TH1 cell induction and inflammation, Science (2017). DOI: 10.1126/science.aan4526





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