Genetic determinants of gut microbiota composition and bile acid profiles in mice

Posted by: | September 4, 2019 | Comments

ABSTRACT

Genetic architecture of quantitative trait loci (QTL) for microbial exact sequence variants (ESVs) and taxa abundance, and plasma and cecal bile acids in 400 Diversity Outbred (DO) mice

The microbial communities that inhabit the distal gut of humans and other mammals exhibit large inter-individual variation. While host genetics is a known factor that influences gut microbiota composition, the mechanisms underlying this variation remain largely unknown. Bile acids (BAs) are hormones that are produced by the host and chemically modified by gut bacteria. BAs serve as environmental cues and nutrients to microbes, but they can also have antibacterial effects. We hypothesized that host genetic variation in BA metabolism and homeostasis influence gut microbiota composition. To address this, we used the Diversity Outbred (DO) stock, a population of genetically distinct mice derived from eight founder strains. We characterized the fecal microbiota composition and plasma and cecal BA profiles from 400 DO mice maintained on a high-fat high-sucrose diet for ~22 weeks.

Read more at: PLoS Genetics

Julia H. Kemis, Vanessa Linke, Kelsey L. Barrett, Frederick J. Boehm, Lindsay L. Traeger, Mark P. Keller, Mary E. Rabaglia, Kathryn L. Schueler, Donald S. Stapleton, Daniel M. Gatti, Gary A. Churchill, Daniel Amador-Noguez, Jason D. Russell, Brian S. Yandell, Karl W. Broman, Joshua J. Coon, Alan D. Attie, and Federico E. Rey. PLoS Genetics. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1008073. 29 August, 2019.





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